When you organized
school year, you completed the bulk of your lesson planning. However, you
should remember the following three components as you plan your specifics for
each day’s lesson.
|Never present new material if the student has not demonstrated an
understanding of the previous material.
Discuss the important points from the previous day’s lesson.
Correct homework together, and rework any material not understood before
introducing new lessons.
Use flashcards or drill problems where appropriate.
|Present new material and explain all concepts presented in the lesson
until you are sure the student understands it well enough to work independently.
Read directions carefully to the student, or have the student read them
aloud. Thoroughly explain all directions and processes before beginning.
Assign class work. Work not completed during class time may be assigned
When the time comes to test your students, the following steps will
maximize their probability for success, reduce the number of simple
errors, and minimize any potential problem that may occur after the
tests have been submitted.
|Check completed schoolwork before the student is dismissed.
If he still does not understand, explain the material once
again. You may choose to check the homework assignment later
that day or during the review period of the next lesson.
Point out any errors. Repeat the explanation, or explain
it in different terms, to be sure that the student understands.
||A good teacher will quiz a student on the concepts and facts
being presented in each lesson before administering a test.
Oral quizzes are an excellent means of identifying any weak
or misunderstood areas. It is also important to review any
definitions of terms.
You should never administer a test until you are satisfied
that you, the teacher, have presented the material adequately
and that your student has mastered it. In addition, scan each
lesson to make sure everything has been presented. If something
was missed, go back and cover it before giving the test.
Also, you should never teach “to the test.” Tests
by their nature contain a representative sampling of what a
have learned. Teaching “to the test” will invalidate the test
as a tool in assessing your student’s real mastery of the course
material. Instead, you should help your student review
everything in the particular lesson or unit for which he
||Once you hand a test to your student, make sure all directions
are thoroughly explained. Point out any multi-part questions.
On grammar tests, make certain your student knows when to circle
or underline. Finally, remind students to check their tests
to ensure they are complete before returning them. A student
can lose several points on a test for failing to follow directions.
||Students should not have access to their textbooks and workbooks
while taking a test (unless the course instructions indicate
otherwise). They should never have access to teacher’s
keys (see Standards of Integrity). Administer tests in quiet
surroundings and monitor to see that all directions are being
properly carried out. Parents may help their first graders
read or spell difficult test questions when necessary.
A student should not have access to a test or any part of
it prior to the actual administration of the test unless
such access is specifically permitted in the course and/or
test instructions. The answers to a test should not in any
way be communicated to a student prior to or during the taking
of a test. The instructor should never allow a student
access to test or daily work answer keys.
||When checking for errors, do not change, write over, or deface
the original answers in any way since this can affect your
student’s score when CLASS grades the test.
Submit original tests only. CLASS does not return completed
tests. Once submitted, a test becomes the property of CLASS.
Therefore, you should make a photocopy of all tests for your
records and to guard against mail loss. Work done on separate
sheets of paper, such as diagrams or sentence work, should
be identified with student name, ID number, and course title
prior to submission.
You are not required to submit each test to CLASS in a separate
envelope. Instead, we recommend you send them on a monthly
basis. This lowers your overall postage costs and minimizes
the damage from any possible mail loss. For more information,
see Submitting Tests.